Frances Cress Welsing
Frances Luella Welsing (née Cress; March 18, 1935 – January 2, 2016) was an American Afrocentrist psychiatrist. Her 1970 essay, The Cress Theory of Color-Confrontation and Racism (White Supremacy), offered her interpretation on the origins of what she described as white supremacy culture.
In 1992 Welsing published The Isis Papers: The Keys to the Colors. The book is a compilation of essays that she had written over 18 years.
The name “The Isis Papers” was inspired by an ancient Egyptian goddess. Isis was the sister/wife of the most significant god Osiris. According to Welsing, all the names of the gods were significant; however, Osiris means “lord of the perfect Black”. Wesling specifically chose the name Isis for her admiration of “truth and justice” that allowed for justice to be stronger than gold and silver.
In this book she talks about the genocide of people of color globally, along with issues Black people in the United States face. According to Welsing, the genocide of people of color is caused by white people’s inability to produce melanin. The minority status of whites has caused what she calls white genetic survival.
She believed that injustice caused by racism will end when “non-white people worldwide recognize, analyze, understand and discuss openly the genocidal dynamic.” She also tackled issues such as drug use, murder, teen pregnancy, infant mortality, incarceration, and unemployment, in the Black community. According to Welsing, the cause of these issues are her definition of racism (white supremacy). Black men are at the center of Welsing’s discussion because, according to her, they “have the greatest potential to cause white genetic annihilation
NSSM 2o0 and 201
According to Wikipedia:
Carleton Coon was born in Wakefield, Massachusetts, to a Cornish American family. He developed an interest in prehistory, and attended Phillips Academy, Andover. Coon matriculated to Harvard University, where he was attracted to the relatively new field of anthropology by Earnest Hooton and he graduated magna cum laude in 1925. He became the Curator of Ethnology at the University Museum of Philadelphia. Coon continued with coursework at Harvard. He conducted fieldwork in the Rif area of Morocco in 1925, which was politically unsettled after a rebellion of the local populace against the Spanish. He earned his Ph.D. in 1928 and returned to Harvard as a lecturer and later a professor. Coon’s interest was in attempting to use Darwin‘s theory of natural selection to explain the differing physical characteristics of races. Coon studied Albanians from 1920 to 1930; he traveled to Ethiopia in 1933; and in Arabia, North Africa and the Balkans, he worked on sites from 1925 to 1939, where he discovered a Neanderthal in 1939. Coon rewrote William Z. Ripley‘s 1899 The Races of Europe in 1939.
The Anthropologist as OSS Agent. A North Africa Story was an account of his work in North Africa during World War II, which involved espionage and the smuggling of arms to French resistance groups in German-occupied Morocco under the guise of anthropological fieldwork. During that time, Coon was affiliated with the United States Office of Strategic Services, the forerunner to the Central Intelligence Agency
Tribes of the Rif. (1931). Harvard African Studies.
- The Races of Europe (1939). Macmillan.
- Principles in Anthropology. (1942, with E. D. Chapple). New York: Henry Holt and Company.
- A Reader in General Anthropology. (1948). New York: Henry Holt and Company.
- Races: A Study of the Problems of Race Formation in Man. (1950, with Stanley M. Garn and Joseph B. Birdsell). Charles C Thomas.
- Caravan: the Story of the Middle East. (1951, 2nd ed. 1958, 4th ed. 1976). New York: Henry Holt and Company.
- The Story of Man. (1954, 2nd ed. 1962, printed as The History of Man, 3rd ed. 1969). New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
- The Seven Caves: Archaeological Explorations in the Middle. (1957). New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
- The Origin of Races. (1962, 9th reprint. 1973). New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
- Anthropology A to Z. (1963, with Edward E. Hunt Jr., based on the text by Gerhard Heberer).
- The Living Races of Man. (1965, with Edward E. Hunt Jr., 9th reprint. 1974).
- The Hunting Peoples. (1971). Boston: Little, Brown and Company.
- Adventures and Discoveries: The Autobiography of Carleton S. Coon. (1981). Prentice-Hall.
- Racial Adaptations (1982, foreword by William W. Howells). Nelson-Hall.
- Coon, C. S. (1935). “People of the Rif”. Nat. Hist. 35(2). pp. 92-106.
- Coon, C. S., Taylor, G. (1941). “Races of the world; a discussion of recent classifications”. Hum. Biol. 13. pp. 390-97.
- Coon, C. S., Johnson, P. (1946). “Racial contexts of prehistory”. Antiquity. 20. pp. 154-57.
- Coon, C. S., Ehrich, R. W. (1947). “Occipital flattening among the Dinarics”. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 6(2). pp. 181-86.
- Coon, C. S. (1949). “The Eridu crania, a preliminary report”. Sumer. 5. pp. 103—104.
- Coon, C. S. (1950). “Human races in relation to environment and culture”. In: Origin and Evolution of Man. Cold Spring Harbor Symp. Quant. Biol. 5. pp. 247-58.
- Coon, C. S. (1953). “Climate and race”. In: Climate Change, ed. H. Shapley, pp. 13—34.
- Coon, C. S., Garn, S. M. (1955). “On the Number of Races of Mankind”. American Anthropologist. 57. 5. 1955. pp. 996-1001.
- Coon, C. S. (1955). “Some Problems of Human Variability and Natural Selection in Climate and Culture”. The American Naturalist. 89. No. 848. pp. 257-279.
- Coon, C. S. (1957). “What is race?”. Atlantic Monthly. 200(4). pp. 103-108.
- Coon, C. S. (1958). “Faces of Asia”. Pa. Univ. Mus. Bull. 22. pp. 1-48.
- Coon, C. S. (1959). “Race and Ecology in Man”. Cold Spring Harbour Symposia on Quantitative Biology. 24. pp. 153-9.
- Coon, C. S. (1961). “Man against the cold”. Nat. Hist. 70(l). pp. 56-69.
- Coon, C. S. (1962). “New findings on the origin of races”. Harper’s Magazine. 225(1351). pp. 66—68; 71-74.
- Coon, C. S. (1966). “The Taxonomy of Human Variation”. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 134(2). pp. 516-523.
- Coon, C. S. (1978). “L’adaptation humaine”. La Recherche. 89(9). pp. 438-48.
- “A study of the fundamental racial and cultural characteristics of the Berbers of North Africa as exemplified by the Riffians”. (1928). Ph.D. diss., Harvard University.
- The Mountains of Giants: A racial and cultural study of the North Albanian Mountain Ghegs. (1950). Peabody Mus. Pap. 23(3).
- “Populations, Human”. In: Encyclopaedia Brittanica, 15th ed., vol. 14, pp. 839—48. Chicago: Encyclopedia Brittanica.
There are a lot of notable Cornish Americans….
At the same time, Hooton maintained that no scientific basis existed correlating mentality with racial variation. “…Each racial type runs the gamut from idiots and criminals to geniuses and statesmen. No type produces a majority of individuals from either end of the scale. While there may be specific racial abilities and disabilities, these have not yet been demonstrated. There are no racial monopolies either of human virtues or of vices.” While advocating eugenic sterilizations of those deemed “insane, diseased, and criminalistic”, he emphasized there was no justification to correlate such “degeneracy”, as he termed it, with race. Anthropologist Pat Shipman presents Hooton’s work as representing a transition in anthropology away from its 19th-century stereotypes about race and its fixation over cranial measurements. In that context, she writes, Hooton maintained an “oversimplistic mode of thinking about human types and variability” while at the same time he moved to eliminate unfounded racial biases and pseudoscience. His remarks in a 1936 conference dealing with immigration, for example, included a ten-point summary of the current scientific consensus about race which, in retrospect, parallel the points raised ten years later in UNESCO‘s landmark The Race Question