“Currently all commercial lithium is sourced from ores and brines on land, which contains a total lithium reserve of 14 million tons according to the latest survey conducted this year. … the geographic distribution of land-based lithium resources is uneven, with more than 98% of the total reserves concentrated in Chile, Argentina, China, and Australia. In addition, lithium extraction from ores and brines has a significant environmental impact, including water pollution and depletion, soil damage, and air contamination.
… In contrast, the ocean contains 230 billion tons of lithium, an amount four orders of magnitude larger than the lithium reserves on land. Since the amount of lithium in this massive reserve is far higher than the amount consumed annually by human activity, the impact of lithium extraction from seawater on the lithium concentration in the ocean would be negligible. In other words, the omnipresent seawater can act as a nearly infinite global lithium resource, making it a promising source for the future lithium supply.
Even though the lithium reserves in the ocean are immense, its concentration in seawater is very low (0.1–0.2 ppm). Researchers have proposed several strategies for extracting lithium compounds from seawater, such as adsorption- and dialysis-based methods. … the lithium extraction rates of the current techniques are relatively slow. ”
—Yang et al.
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Jason Thompson received his Bachelor of Arts degree in Law & Society from Winona State University and the International University Of Ulaanbaatar where he studied U.S.-Mongolian Foreign Relations 1860-1920. He also attended diesel and hybrid technology programs at Hennepin Technical College in Minnesota, foreign ambassadorship courses at Soonchunhyang University in the Republic of Korea and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and attained a positive leadership certificate at the University for Peace in Costa Rica. He has a Master of Arts degree from University of Nevada, Las Vegas where he focused on how climate control was visually framed in the media using content analysis, enhanced weathering techniques that create power and control atmospheric carbon dioxide percentages using olivine powder and Sonics and high-energy x-ray applications. Jason has wrote for Diesel Power and The Costa Rica News.
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