“Spacepower” is literally a cosmic concept that is complex,
indeterminate, and intangible. It is pregnant with a range of possibilities but
it means so many different things to different people and groups that the
concept is fraught with ambiguity. Confusion swirls on the semantic level
because there is no commonly accepted definition or accepted wording for
this concept.2 There is not even agreement on basic issues such as where the
atmosphere ends and space begins.3 Yet, despite these weaknesses in the
conceptual foundation for spacepower, a strong and widespread recognition
of the growing importance of space to national security has developed.
Indeed, this is a central theme in much of the recent literature such as the
Space Commission Report, Barry D. Watts’ The Military Use of Space,
Steven Lambakis’ On the Edge of Earth, Everett C. Dolman’s Astropolitik
and Robert Preston’s Space Weapons: Earth Wars.4 In addition, spacepower
has figured very prominently in several of the most recent Title X wargames
conducted by the U.S. Army and Air Force.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Lieutenant Colonel Peter L. Hays, US Air Force,
currently serves as a professor of comparative military studies at the School
of Advanced Airpower Studies, Maxwell AFB, Alabama. He leads seminars
on air mobility, strategic airpower and national security, defense policy,
innovation & security, and space & information power. Colonel Hays is
coauthor of “Going Boldly—Where? Aerospace Integration, the Space
Commission, and the Air Force’s Vision for Space,” (Aerospace Power
Journal, Spring 2001); and is a contributing coeditor of Spacepower for a
New Millennium: Space and U.S. National Security (McGraw-Hill, 2000).
He previously served as director of INSS, division chief for international
relations and defense policy in the department of political science at the
USAF Academy, and as a staff augmentee at the White House Office of
Science and Technology Policy and the National Space Council. Colonel
Hays is a 1979 honor graduate of the USAF Academy, received an MA in
Defense and Strategic Studies from the University of Southern California,
and holds a PhD in international
JASON is an independent group of elite scientists which advises the United States government on matters of science and technology, mostly of a sensitive nature. The group was first created as a way to get a younger generation of scientists—that is, not the older Los Alamos and MIT Radiation Laboratory alumni—involved in advising the government. It was established in 1960 and has somewhere between 30 and 60 members. Its work first gained public notoriety as the source of the Vietnam War‘s McNamara Line electronic barrier. Although most of its research is military-focused, JA
Jeffrey T. Richelson
Vol. 278, No. 2 (FEBRUARY 1998), pp. 48-55
Scientists in Blackby Jeffrey T. Richelson
“During the five decades of the cold war, the U.S. spent several hundred billion dollars to design, build and operate an imposing array of advanced systems to collect intelligence or map certain militarily useful features of the earth. In space, dozens of reconnaissance satellites produced millions of images of the earth’s surface, while infrared sensors on other satellites recorded missile launchings, explosions and other energetic events. In the skies, specially designed aircraft snapped reconnaissance pictures and made meteorological measurements. Undersea sonar arrays tracked the movements of submarines; surface ships mapped the sea bottom with remarkable accuracy.”
It goes on to say:
“The untold millions of images and perhaps quadrillions of bytes of data collected by this global array now reside in data centers, computer rooms, archives, photographic libraries and other installations scattered mostly around Washington, D.C. And although some of the data continue to have military or intelligence value, for much of the rest, time and the demise of the Soviet Union have sharply reduced their relevance.”
and also said,
“In recent years, however, a fairly radical concept has begun taking hold, which has given new purpose to these expensively created data reservoirs. The notion being much of this information gathered for intelligence or military purposes is scientifically useful and that, moreover, it can be put to scientific use without compromising any of the intelligence or military imperatives — such as secrecy — under which it was originally collected and used.”
This research started when I was looking at the history of climate change, weather warfare, eugenics, and modern surveillance state for different classes at UNLV journalism MA degree. Turns out they all share the same history.
As the link between environment and security grew, then Senator Al Gore recognized the importance of linking the collection and synthesis of scientific data from the public and intelligence domains. Gore contacted then CIA director Robert Gates about mutually initiating supportive projects. Gates, in turn was supportive and discussions that followed led to the creation of science based group called MEDEA. The name MEDEA was chosen by CIA official Linda Zall for the character in Greek mythology who helped Jason and the Argonauts steal the Golden Fleece (Richelson 1998)
All of the scientists in MEDEA were given access to highly classified intelligence-gathering data and information. The scientists were allowed to study archival data and suggest innovative uses of CIA resources for scientific research. MEDEA scientists were able to access U.S. spy satellite data and studied about two dozen ecologically sensitive sites around the world. They hoped to generate significant results to help with environmental research, particularly with respect to global warming.
In a review of MEDEA activities Jeffrey Richelson (1998) called the MEDEA “scientists in black,” noting that MEDEA was unique in that never before had the intelligence community worked so openly with a group of scientists outside the government. For scientists the unrestricted dissemination of data is the norm. For the intelligence community, data and information is restricted to those who “need to know.” MEDEA research results tried to bridge this gap.
While MEDEA was discontinued by the Bush administration, the CIA has reactivated the program as part of a new CIA focus on the implications of climate change on U.S. national security. In 2009 CIA director Leon Panetta said, “Decision makers need information and analysis on the effects climate change can have on security. The CIA is well positioned to deliver that intelligence.” (CIA 2009)
At the same time, the CIA was involved in creating the Center on Climate Change and National Security. The mandate of this new center was less on the science of climate change than on the national security impact of phenomena such as desertification, rising sea levels, population shifts, and heightened competition for natural resources.
“On 15 September, President Clinton announced the release of a clutch of previously classified photographs that will help researchers establish baseline data on the antarctic environment (www.nsf.gov/od/opp/antarctic/imageset/satellite/start.htm). The seven pictures, taken in 1975 and 1980, offer sufficiently good resolution and digital elevation data, for example, to track the apparent rise in the levels of glacier-fed lakes in the Dry Valleys region. The effort has been championed by Vice President Al Gore, who as a U.S. senator set the bureaucratic wheels in motion. But an unsung panel of scientists called the Medea Committee has done most of the heavy lifting“
http://www.solaerotech.com/ or pomegranates? I’d rather just talk about pomegranates…
Resource empire panopticon
On 15 September, President Clinton announced the release of a clutch of previously classified photographs that will help researchers establish baseline data on the antarctic environment (www.nsf.gov/od/opp/antarctic/imageset/satellite/start.htm). The seven pictures, taken in 1975 and 1980, offer sufficiently good resolution and digital elevation data, for example, to track the apparent rise in the levels of glacier-fed lakes in the Dry Valleys region. The effort has been championed by Vice President Al Gore, who as a U.S. senator set the bureaucratic wheels in motion. But an unsung panel of scientists called the Medea Committee has done most of the heavy lifting.
This image and others were released for public use on 15 September 1999 under a cooperative project of the National Science Foundation, the National Imagery and Mapping Agency, and the DCI Environmental Center. The main image (scale: 1:300,000) shows the McMurdo Dry Valleys, in the Transantarctic Mountains. The inset (scale: 1:50,000) shows the eastern end of Lake Bonney and vicinity in the Taylor Valley.
The McMurdo Dry Valleys Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) site, one of 21 sites comprising the NSF-supported LTER network (see http://lternet.edu), is a cold desert terrestrial and aquatic ecosystem. The Dry Valleys form the largest relatively ice-free area in Antarctica (approximately 4,800 square kilometers within a 75 x 60 kilometer region).
Recognizing the unique contribution that U.S. photoreconnaissance systems could make to the environmental understanding gained through this research, the Director of the National Imagery and Mapping Agency, Lieutenant General James C. King, has approved the release of this image product created from still-classified imagery. The image product is an important data source to further scientific research and to enhance understanding of life in this extreme environment. The data, collected by the classified system in 1975 and 1980, provide the earliest available high-resolution regional coverage of the McMurdo Dry Valleys.
Climate change and national security are intimately connected and are literally the same programs. A wolf in sheep’s clothing as the Fabian logo.
For example NSSM 200.
This perennial relationship between climate control and the military continued into the 90’s as Al Gore’s campaign against the greenhouse effect and climate change was helped with top-secret scientific visuals released by Medea, a U.S. military committee 9 .
Update: It wasn’t Al Gore’s campaign…both right and left and deep state/secret to you society’s involved.
Although the war metaphor is common and used to frame other issues such as cancer, poverty, drugs, and crime when considering climate control it contains a deeper literal connection that the other issues may or may not have as well.
9 The MEDEA program was the “first post Cold War review of National Security Systems, Data and Archives
The goal of the releasing of these images was to help climate scientists better observe the catastrophic effects of climate change and to convince the public of the seriousness when it came to lowering carbon dioxide concentrations in the atmosphere immediately (Mervis, 1999).
Without the military research from the likes of JASON and other Dr. Strangelove-like scientists from the Cold War and the more modern version being the geophysical scientists who originated from the military as described by Vannevar Bush’s book Science: The Endless Frontier climate control would have stayed in the Cli-Fi and religious genres.11 For better or worse this close relationship between science and the military should surface in the visuals of climate control as a frame.
Without the military via elite groups like JASON and Medea climate change and its Janus twin climate control and its love child geoengineering would have gone possibly undiscovered and un….. read more at
Mervis, J. (1999). Panel of scientists helps open lid on secret images. Science, 286(5437), 34-34.
Does Al Gore have a connection with the military Industrial Complex?
Yes check out this article about his Dad:
DEHUMANIZE A BELT across the Korean Peninsula by surface radiological contamination … broadcast the fact to the enemy, with ample and particular notice that entrance into the belt would mean certain death or slow deformity to all foot soldiers; that all vehicles, weapons, food, apparel entering the belt would become poisoned with radioactivity, and, further, that the belt would be regularly recontaminated until such time as a satisfactory solution to the whole Korean problem shall have been reached. This … would be, I believe, morally justifiable under the circumstances.”
“No, it’s not an exclusive extract from the Trump Administration’s plan for nuclear war in North Korea. It’s the advice of Democratic Senator Al Gore Sr, father of the future Vice President and environmental campaigner, to President Truman in 1951 at the height of the Korean War.”
Crazy thought: We created North Korea to bomb them a created enemy. Just like Japan. All their weapons are from us. See Jacob Schiff financing around 1904. Sversky planes in 1938. DPRK flag is like USA. All their leaders trained in western schools. Don’t get along with communist neighbors. A hidden base in plain site like Israel and Panama.
In retirement King has continued to work in defense and intelligence related industries. In 2005, he was named as the Chief Executive of MZM, Inc. at a time when it had come under serious scrutiny in what became the Cunningham scandal. MZM was renamed Athena Innovative Solutions, eventually coming under the ownership of Veritas Capital. King stayed on as Chief Executive Officer at Athena. Athena was bought by CACI in 2007.
He released the images to Gore.
Jason Thompson received his Bachelor of Arts degree in Law & Society from Winona State University where he studied U.S.-Mongolian Foreign Relations 1860-1920. He also attended programs at Hennepin Technical College in Minnesota, Soonchunhyang University in the Republic of Korea and at the University for Peace in Costa Rica. He has a Master of Arts degree from University of Nevada, Las Vegas where he focused on climate control and high-energy x-ray applications. Jason has wrote for Diesel Power and The Costa Rica News.
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