This next very recent historical source by Joseph Aldy called The Crucial Role of Policy Surveillance in International Climate Policy represents the leading edge of this surveillance system decades in the making. This source represents the main “who” associated with surveillance. The Non-government organization (NGO) who published this report is called Resources for the Future. They have ties to President Obama’s administration. Joseph Aldy is a professor at Harvard Kennedy School the same place where the chief negotiator for climate change teaches. The one main thing these democrats have in common with the Bush dynasty and Henry Kissinger is they all belong to the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR). The CFR has been for international causes pitting it against isolationists as far back as World War I (Patrick, 2008, p. 25). Another source of the power is elite scientists which Eisenhower warned against in his “Farewell Speech” which was also mentioned by Turchetti & Roberts in the conclusion of their book. The next step after identifying the power or source of the Panopticon gaze is to find out what kind of behavior it wants to impart upon those being watched.
Public health in imperialism: early Rockefeller programs at home and abroad.
Sowing the seeds of neo-imperialism: the Rockefeller Foundation’s yellow fever campaign in Mexico.
The Rockefeller Foundation’s campaign against yellow fever in Mexico sought to advance the economic and political interests of U.S. capitalism. The campaign was implemented at a time of strong anti-American sentiments on the part of the Mexican people. With no diplomatic relationships between Mexico and the United States, the Rockefeller Foundation presented its campaign as an international commitment. Thus, Foundation doctors became the most salient U.S. diplomats. At the same time they made sure that the Mexican yellow fever would not spread to the United States through the southern border. The by-products of the campaign went beyond the political arena. Special techniques to combat the vectors allowed the Rockefeller Foundation’s brigades to change the anti-American sentiments of the people. When the campaign ended, the Foundation had already set in place the foundation for the modern Mexican health care system. Benefits from the campaign also accrued to President Obregón, who used the campaign to strengthen his position of power. Mexican doctors adopting a pro-American attitude also allied with the Rockefeller Foundation to gain reputation and power within the emerging Mexican State.
Council on Foreign RelationsJun 6, 2008 – The Council on Foreign Relations is an independent, nonpartisan …… Design of Effective Architectures,” in Joseph E. Aldy and Robert N.
I am particularly grateful to Council President Richard N. Haass
for convening this Task Force and to Director of Studies Gary Samore,
who supported this initiative. This project was made possible by the
generous support of both the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur
Foundation and the Rockefeller Foundation, and by David M. Rubenstein’s
support for the Task Force program.
Michael A. Levi
The Leverhulme Centre for Climate Change Mitigation (Professor David Beerling, University of Sheffield) will address one the greatest challenges facing humanity in the twenty-first century: global climate change. The vision is to develop and assess the role of enhanced rock weathering as a means of safely removing large amounts of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide from the atmosphere to cool the planet while also mitigating ocean acidification. The plan is to deliver these aims through Earth system modelling, lab-based controlled environment experimental investigations and large-scale field studies, embedded with social science analyses of sustainability and public engagement.
In 1906 Lever, together with Joseph Watson of Leeds and several other large soap manufacturers, established a monopoly soap trust, in imitation of similar combinations established in the USA following John D. Rockefeller‘s organisation of the Standard Oil Co. as a trust in 1882. Lever believed such an organisation would bring benefits to the consumer as well as the manufacturer, through economies of scale in purchasing and advertising. The scheme was launched when President Roosevelt had just launched his trust-busting policy in America.
The British press, in particular the Daily Mail, of which he had been one of the largest advertising customers, was virulently opposed to the scheme, and aroused popular hostility urging a boycott of trust brands and making what were later proved in court to be libellous assertions as to the constituent ingredients of the soaps concerned. All participants in the trust suffered severe damage to their profits and reputations. Lever estimated his loss at “considerably over half a million” combined with a reduction by a third in the value of his shareholding, and the scheme was abandoned before the year’s end.
In the early 1900s, Lever was using palm oil produced in the British West African colonies. When he found difficulties in obtaining more palm plantation concessions, he started looking elsewhere in other colonies. In 1911, Lever visited the Belgian Congo to take advantage of cheap labour and palm oil concessions in that country.
Lever’s attitudes towards the Congolese were paternalistic and by today’s standards, racist, and his negotiations with the Belgian coloniser to enforce the system known as travail forcé (forced labour) are well documented in the book Lord Leverhulme’s Ghosts: Colonial Exploitation in the Congo by Jules Marchal [ISBN 978-1-84467-239-4] in which the author states: “Leverhulme set up a private kingdom reliant on the horrific Belgian system of forced labour, a program that reduced the population of Congo by half and accounted for more deaths than the Nazi holocaust.” As such, he participated in this system of formalised labour. The archives show a record of Belgian administrators, missionaries and doctors protesting against the practices at the Lever plantations. Formal parliamentary investigations were called for by members of the Belgian Socialist Party, but despite their work the practice of forced labour continued until independence in 1960.[